ロシアのウクライナ違反は「驚くほど日常的」 UN人権委員長Volker Turk







Russia's Ukraine violations 'shockingly routine' 

Richard Connor


UN Human Rights chief Volker Turk has said the number of civilian casualties in Russia's invasion of Ukraine far outstrips official figures.



The UN Commissioner for Human Rights on Friday said his office had documented numerous summary executions and targeted attacks on civilians by Russia's military forces since February 2022.

Speaking a year after shocking Russian atrocities were revealed in the Ukrainian town of Bucha, Volker Turk said serious human rights abuses had become commonplace.

  金曜日の国連人権委員会委員は、彼の事務所は、 2022 年 2 月以降、ロシア軍による多数の略式処刑と民間人への標的型攻撃を文書化していると述べた。


What the UN rights chief said

The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) has verified that more than 8,400 civilians with some 14,000 civilians wounded since the invasion on February 24 last year.

"These figures are just the tip of the iceberg," Turk told a meeting of the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva. "Most of the casualties resulted from the Russian forces' use of wide-impact explosive weaponry in residential neighborhoods."

Turk opened his speech saying that Ukraine was a nation "struggling to survive."

"After 13 months of the Russian Federation's war against Ukraine, severe violations of human rights and international humanitarian law have become shockingly routine," he said.

"People across the country face massive suffering and loss, deprivation, displacement and destruction."

"In occupied areas of Ukraine, we have documented numerous summary executions and targeted attacks on civilians since February last year by Russia's military forces, including affiliated armed groups, such as the Wagner Group."

Turk said his office had documented 621 cases of enforced disappearances and arbitrary detention.

He said that international law provided "minimum core values that, in the most distressing circumstances, preserve our humanity."

"And yet, for the woman with disabilities who is unable to leave her house under heavy shelling; for the tens of thousands whose lives and bodies are being torn apart; for prisoners of war who are tortured and deprived of medical care; for children growing up in terror, these laws are violated daily."

 人権高等弁務官事務所 (OHCHR) は、昨年 2 月 24 日の侵略以降、8,400 人以上の民間人が負傷したことを確認しました。






ターク氏によると、彼の事務所は強制失踪と恣意的拘留の 621 件を文書化しているという。



What interviewees told the UN

Interviews with 89 civilians released from detention indicated that 91% had been tortured or ill-treated by Russian personnel, including through various forms of sexual violence.

Five of the victims of enforced disappearance were boys, one only 14 years old, Volker said. All five of these children were tortured or ill-treated.

Crimes of sexual violence, including rape, were perpetrated in areas controlled by Russian forces, mostly against women and girls under the age of 18.

Russia had also transferred Ukrainian civilians to territory that remains occupied, or to the Russian Federation, Volker said, adding that this could breach the Geneva Convention.

Kyiv says more than 16,000 Ukrainian children had been deported to Russia as of last month, and the International Criminal Court has announced an arrest warrant for Russian President Vladimir Putin on the war crime accusation of unlawfully deporting Ukrainian children.

 拘留から解放された 89 人の一般市民へのインタビューでは、91% がさまざまな形態の性的暴力などを通じて、ロシア人職員によって拷問または虐待を受けていたことが示された。

強制失踪の犠牲者のうち 5 人は少年で、1 人はわずか 14 歳だった、と Volker 氏は述べた。これらの 5 人の子供たちは全員、拷問や虐待を受けていました。

レイプを含む性的暴力の犯罪は、ロシア軍が支配する地域で、主に 18 歳未満の女性と少女に対して行われました。


キエフは、先月の時点で16,000 人以上のウクライナの子供たちがロシアに強制送還されたと述べており、国際刑事裁判所は、ウクライナの子供たちを不法に国外追放したという戦争犯罪の告発について、ロシアのウラジーミル・プーチン大統領に対する逮捕状を発表した。

Prisoners of war tortured

Volk said more than 400 prisoners of war, on both sides, had been interviewed by his staff.

"More than 90% of Ukrainian prisoners of war that my office interviewed said that they were tortured or ill-treated, notably in penitentiary facilities, including through so-called — it is an awful phrase'welcoming beatings' on their arrival, as well as frequent acts of torture throughout detention."

Volk said almost half of the Russian prisoners of war who were interviewed indicated that they had been tortured or ill-treated. Most of these acts of torture reportedly occurred soon after capture.

"We did not find a sustained pattern of severe ill-treatment in more permanent places of internment," he said.


「私の事務所がインタビューしたウクライナ人捕虜の 90% 以上が、特に刑務所施設で拷問や虐待を受けたと述べており、その中には、いわゆる、ひどい表現ですが、到着時に「歓迎の殴打」が含まれていました。拘留中の頻繁な拷問行為と同様に。」

Volk は、インタビューを受けたロシア人捕虜のほぼ半数が、拷問や虐待を受けたことを示していると述べた。これらの拷問行為のほとんどは、捕らえられた直後に行われたと報告されています。